Rating agency says APAC sovereigns to make headway on policy normalisation in 2022
HONG KONG: Fitch Ratings has affirmed Pakistan’s long-term foreign-currency issuer default rating (IDR) to ‘B-‘ with a ‘stable’ outlook.
The rating agency said this in its report titled ‘Fitch Ratings 2022 Outlook for APAC.’
The report projects that fiscal deficits will narrow in nearly all APAC sovereigns in 2022, as relief measures unwind and revenue ratios rise with the recovery of domestic demand.
The narrowing of deficits will generally be modest, however, as governments exercise caution in withdrawing support in view of fragile recoveries and risks to the outlook.
Fitch said that consolidation strategies were delayed in APAC emerging markets in 2021, as authorities grappled with further outbreaks of Covid-19. For example, Malaysia (BBB+/Stable) rolled out a series of fiscal support packages in 2021. Indonesia (BBB/Stable) relaxed budget targets for 2021 and 2022, even though the authorities aim to bring the deficit back to within their 3 percent of GDP ceiling by 2023.
It said that consolidation efforts are proceeding more steadily in developed markets, where fiscal relief packages were larger relative to GDP than in emerging markets and where vaccine rollouts are more advanced. “In contrast to most other APAC sovereigns, we expect fiscal and monetary policies in China (A+/Stable) to loosen in 2022, as the authorities seek to cushion the economic impact of other initiatives that are slowing growth.”
These include measures to contain property-sector financial excesses, a regulatory crackdown on internet-based companies, and the imposition of mobility restrictions in pursuit of “zero-Covid,” added Fitch.
Fitch sees the sector outlook for APAC sovereigns in 2022 as improving, but China’s economic slowdown stands among a number of factors that could pose challenges. Others include the potential for further Covid-19 outbreaks and new variants such as Omicron, and difficult financing conditions associated with US monetary tightening and dollar appreciation.
The path of policy normalisation could influence sovereign ratings in APAC, particularly for those on a negative outlook, such as India (BBB-/Negative), Japan (A/Negative) and the Philippines (BBB/Negative).