A team of chemists from the University of the New South Wales (UNSW) have devised a new method of recycling potent fossil fuel, methane, by binding it to a rare chemical element.
The findings published in Nature Chemistry journal on Wednesday revealed new potential to transport, store or transform methane which would play a major role in minimizing worldwide wastage of or natural gas.
Lead author James Watson from UNSW School of Chemistry said the breakthrough sees methane bind to osmium for hours, while in the past it could only be held in a stable bond for microseconds.
“We have found that natural gas, which is generally inert, will interact with an osmium-metal centred species to form a relatively stable osmium-methane complex. Our complex has an effective half-life of around 13 hours,” said Watson.
This relatively long lifetime means Watson and his team could analyze the compound using nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy, which would allow them to understand its formation, reactivity and structure, and hopefully develop a way of transforming the greenhouse gas.
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Methane is both a potent fuel source and greenhouse gas, which is estimated to be 25 times as potent as carbon dioxide at trapping heat in the atmosphere. It is released through a variety of processes but in particular, is a by-product of oil production.
Co-author, UNSW Associate Professor Graham Ball said this is the latest step in making the conversion of excess methane into usable fuel economically viable.
“One way of converting methane to liquid fuels is through the use of catalysts that contain transition metal elements,” said Ball.
“Liquid fuels are easier to transport and would be easily integrated into our existing fuel infrastructure — E10 petrol already has 10 per cent ethanol.”
The team hoped that the discovery would inform the design of next-generation catalysts to harness the untapped energy of methane while preventing it from exacerbating global warming.